Both indica and sativa are from the same plant species, they share one taxonomy: Cannabis Sativa L. The name indica originally derived from the geographical area in which this specific cannabis cultivar grew. The indica cultivar is short in stature and bushy with equally short and broad leaves with a dark green hue. They adapt to harsh conditions with less light and cold weather. Despite the severity of habitat, they tend to grow faster and produce a relatively high fibre yield. The sativa does well in warm areas with sufficient light and grows tall with everything else slender, thin long leaves, thin tall stem and tube-like flowers. Generally, they have a lighter green shade.
Their different chemical composition determines how they affect users. Due to the high content of CBDs, a non-psychoactive, the indica strains are more sedative and body relaxing in nature. This makes them suitable in effective treatment and management of anxiety, insomnia, acute pain, and muscle stress and increases appetite. The high level of cannabinoids gives the user a sleepy drowsy feeling and a sense of heaviness quite soothing to a patient in extreme pain allowing for rest and sleep. It is ideal to use at night as one retires to bed and very good for cancer patients. It also increases the release of dopamine, which gives one a sense of wellbeing and happiness.
, on the other hand, contain high levels of THCs than indica beside low CBDs. However, it still believes the same symptoms as indica but without the sedative and body relaxing attributes. Whereas it works to relieve nausea, chronic pain, depression, and migraines, it is also an effective stimulant improving appetite and raising one?s mood. As a psychoactive stimulant, it increases the release of serotonin responsible for good moods, less anxiety and sleep. It also stimulates brain functions especially learning ability heightening the element of creativity and focus on activity engaged in. It creates a sense of hope and optimism and alertness in one?s environment.
Either strain of cannabis, indica, or sativa can be applied as an herbal medication. Extracts from dried cannabis leaves and buds are used to make various mixtures to suit medical conditions. The foremost active ingredients in both indica and sativa are cannabinoids. These are natural compounds made in the plants (and animals too) that are vital in the brain function of humans. Science claims cannabinoids are essential in memory capacity, thinking, perception, and sensory reaction.
Both indica and sativa contain multiple cannabinoids, the most active for mental response being tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. Its impact on the mental state of the patient is pronounced, and by altering brain signals help alleviate pain perception.
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